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List Of Top Programming Languages From Easy To Hard To Learn [Updated 2023]

programming languages from easy to hard to learn

A lot of people say “the hardest programming language is your first,” yeah, that can be true for the first few days, but there are some that can remain the toughest programming language for a long time.

There are a few complicated programming languages that are not meant for everyone. Any programming language can be easy or hard, depending on your educational background and also your limits. It mainly depends on the logic that you use in your coding to get the output and also the time you spend coding; obviously you need the practice.

Here is the list of top programming languages on the basis of its difficulty. The list starts with the easiest and ends with the hardest.

Programming Languages From Easy To Hard To Learn:

1. Go

Go is a much simpler language than even Python or JavaScript. It is very similar to Python in terms of learning complexity, although library design is generally somewhat more consistent. 

It might be a bit harder to learn, though, mostly due to masquerading as a low-level language when it’s really not, so there’s a bit of a disconnect sometimes. It is quite easy to deploy an app developed in Go running on Google Cloud Platform. 

There are only two areas where one might have some problems with Golang, which is interfaces and the concurrency features: goroutines and channels. Many beginners find concurrency hard to understand. Go was also ranked as one of the most intuitive programming languages.

2. Python

Python is an easy, general-purpose coding language designed with readability in mind so that anyone can learn it quickly. As one of the easiest programming languages, it’s often used as an introductory language for college students beginning their Computer Science study. It isn’t always consistent. So, there’s simply a lot to learn.

3. Java

Java has arguably a bigger collection of libraries to be aware of it, can be tricky. As you learn Java programming, you’ll encounter some simple concepts like variables and functions, but there are also more abstract, complex ones like objects, bringing inheritance, and polymorphism that can be difficult to understand.

4. PHP

Learning PHP can be either smooth or challenging, depending on how you approach learning the language itself. Naturally, if you have a background in programming, you’ll probably have a head-start in the process. PHP is much less consistent than Python. Newer versions are better but are backward-compatible, which means there’s still a lot of frankly weird stuff in the language, and a lot of horrifying code floating around.

PHP is regarded as an easy programming language for people just starting to learn to program. Like any other programming language, PHP also has rules of coding, abbreviations, and logarithms.

5. JavaScript

The base language is straightforward, but it also includes more complex behavior, like securely sending and retrieving information to another server. Also, lately, a lot of unnecessary syntaxes were added to new standards, so you’ll have to learn that as well. The use of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript together in this way is often referred to as front end development.

6. C

Learning C is hard, simply because computers are hard. Once you get the hang of the syntax, it is just the approach you make for the problem counts. Remembering the syntax is not such a big issue in C. It’s rather easy if we’re talking about learning the language, but there’s this thing called “undefined behavior” that complicates matters a lot. If you’re using any of which is undefined, the compiler’s free to do whatever it wants, and in most cases, it will not notify you about that. It is a fairly straight forward and easily readable even for a beginner.

7. Rust

Rust code compiles to machine-native instructions, and the syntax and idioms around memory management — lifetimes and borrowing — make it difficult for memory-unsafe code to compile at all. You will fight with the compiler a lot because Rust tries to give you a lot of static guarantees. There are some unexpected things you might run into, but for the most part, it’s rather consistent and intuitive.

8. Haskell

Haskell is difficult because it’s a functional language, and most people are used to imperative OOP style programming. It is due to its precise syntax, abstractness, purity, and its community’s love of one letter identifier names.

Haskell is much easier if you have a math background and little programming experience. Accomplished programmers often struggle with Haskell because they need to break some preconceived stereotypes first. Haskell is full of very abstract concepts that might be hard to grasp at first. Google “monads” for an example. An intimidating list of language extensions complicates matters a bit as well.

9. C++

C++ is a difficult language to learn because of its huge feature size. C++ is basically three distinct languages you need to be aware of: preprocessor, C++ itself, and template metalanguage; all three use different syntax; all three have their own things.

There are a lot of frankly weird things in the C++ standard as well. As a consequence, C++ is full of unintuitive rules you need to know. Add to that a vast standard library, that horrible thing called “undefined behavior” inherited from C, and quite a bit of new stuff being introduced with each new standard, and you get yourself a language that’s unintentionally very hard to learn. Memory management is challenging in C, but even C programmers find the C++ curve to be a bit steep.

10. Assembly

Assembly language is not difficult, but it’s fussy. It is hard to read and understand. You have to be very carefully aware of the hardware you’re running on, especially the CPU and its registers. It is hard to debug and hard to maintain. If you need math functions, other than the simple add subtract multiply and divide that comes with the CPU, you have to write them yourself. Programming in assembly language programming is time-consuming. Improved and updated compiler technology has eliminated the need for assembly language. There is no contest here assembly is the hardest.

The list mentioned above about programming languages difficulty ranking is entirely on our basis. It can be different for other people, and it ultimately depends on your mindset if you think “Man!! This is hard” for every language. All of these languages can become your enemy. So, change this mindset and work hard. Happy coding.


Written by Vishak

Vishak is a skilled Editor-in-chief at Code and Hack with a passion for AI and coding. He has a deep understanding of the latest trends and advancements in the fields of AI and Coding. He creates engaging and informative content on various topics related to AI, including machine learning, natural language processing, and coding. He stays up to date with the latest news and breakthroughs in these areas and delivers insightful articles and blog posts that help his readers stay informed and engaged.

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